Om forfatteren

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich Tolstóy; [lʲef nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj] (listen); 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. He received multiple nominations for Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906, and nominations for Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902 and 1910, and his miss of the prize is a major Nobel prize controversy.

Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction. He first achieved literary acclaim in his twenties with his semi-autobiographical trilogy, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy's fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as The Death of Ivan Ilyich (1886), Family Happiness (1859), and Hadji Murad (1912). He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays.

In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a profound moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as an equally profound spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work A Confession (1882). His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. Tolstoy's ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You (1894), were to have a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. Tolstoy also became a dedicated advocate of Georgism, the economic philosophy of Henry George, which he incorporated into his writing, particularly Resurrection (1899).

Læs uddrag
Læs
Lyt til uddrag
Lyt

Herre og tjener

Den rige købmand Vasili Andréitsj Brekhunóf drager en mørk eftermiddag i december ud på en slæderejse med sin tjener Nikita for at købe et stykke skov, før andre får nys om det. Turen til nabosognet går absolut ikke som planlagt; vinden tager til, sneen ødelægger sigtbarheden, og de farer gang på gang vild. Men Vasili drives videre af sin grådighed efter en god handel, og som tjener adlyder Nikita stiltiende, selvom han anser det for alt for risikabelt at fortsætte. Det ender fatalt, men konfrontationen med døden får den egoistiske og materialistiske Vasili til at revurdere sit syn på det væsentlige i livet.

"Historien er fortalt helt suggererende. Med ganske enkle midler har Tolstoj fremtryllet atmosfæren: Den isnende vinternat, de to vildfarne mænd og den ihjel-frosne hest. Stemningen af kulde og død forplanter sig til læseren. I dette vinterlige øde sætter Tolstojs menneskelighed sin smukkeste blomst. En mesterlig fortælling, hvor tendens og kunst er smeltet sammen på den smukkeste måde." - Niels Kaas Johansen, Socialdemokraten

"Og vil man helt forstå den typiske sjælelige udvikling, den stærkeste indre oplevelse i de Tolstójske fortællinger - den for ham selv og efter hans mening for russerfolket, for menneskeheden frelsende oplevelse - så skal man læse den enkle, gribende fortælling Herre og tjener. Læseren af denne mesterlige fortælling vil her finde kvintessensen af Tolstójs menneskeskildrende kunst og tillige hele hans livsfilosofi sammentrængt i en nøddeskal." - Ejnar Thomassen
76,25  DKK
Køb trykt bog
 
Udgave1
Trykt sideantal93
Udgivelsesdato11 apr. 2014
Udgivet afBechs Forlag
Sprogdan
ISBN trykt bog9788793005754
ISBN epub9788793005761
ISBN lydbog9788793005747